Primrose (Primula)
Other Names
Primula, Cowslip, Auricula, Oxlip, Polyanthus.
Native to N. Hemisphere, but can also be found in Ethiopia, Indonesia, New Guinea and S. America, S.E. Asia.
Perennial (herbaceous).
Hardiness (see References,
Zones 3 - 9.
Late Winter, Early Spring.
2 - 8 in (5 - 20 cm).
Easy; sun or semi-shade, rich, well drained, neutral soils. Invigorate good growth, through regular division of the plant.
By division (late Spring or Early Fall).
A most attractive, and very popular (town & country) little plant. Available in great variety of colors, shapes and sizes, in
cultivated as well as wild forms. Some, come with fragrant blooms, e.g. Primula 'Bon Accord Cerise', and Primula 'Crathes
Primulas have long been used in medicinal remedies in treatment of rheumatism, gout, healing of the wounds. Wild primulas' (Cowslip) blooms have been used to make wine. Modern day herbals do confirm flowers' sedative and anti-inflammatory action.
Evening Primrose is not a
true primula.
Please, note - Not all primulas are hardy in zones 3-9. There are practically hundreds of varieties available these days and some of them are more hardy than others. Always check with supplier, to be sure.
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References - Find more about: Hardiness Zones
Special Thanks
Special Thanks to Town & Country Gardens Contributors: ajr595, blogger, coffee obsessive, dive-angel (Karin), flickr, Jasmine&Roses, machiavelliBE, Rita Crane Photography. Rita Crane, daughter of LIFE magazine photographer Ralph Crane. Her work can be seen on Flickr at Rita Crane Photography or on her website., TMR Davies, W.D. Williams,, William Richardson

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